郧西| 召陵| 保靖| 固原| 台中县| 龙里| 会东| 武山| 广平| 商都| 万盛| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 鞍山| 洪泽| 盱眙| 霍州| 黄石| 惠安| 类乌齐| 土默特左旗| 红河| 宕昌| 大连| 泰兴| 昆山| 哈尔滨| 巴林右旗| 芷江| 灵丘| 沂南| 莲花| 容县| 马鞍山| 青河| 宁远| 宣威| 班戈| 慈利| 坊子| 江川| 河池| 丹棱| 漳浦| 上街| 沛县| 建始| 桂东| 右玉| 平乐| 正阳| 濮阳| 扎兰屯| 石门| 当阳| 蓝田| 威信| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 防城区| 薛城| 昌平| 枝江| 辰溪| 章丘| 峡江| 兴安| 塔河| 容县| 花都| 东阳| 弋阳| 陇县| 博乐| 罗山| 都匀| 云霄| 康平| 卓尼| 北戴河| 万荣| 方正| 湄潭| 元阳| 桂林| 海口| 曲麻莱| 乌拉特前旗| 佛冈| 防城区| 湖北| 泽库| 襄阳| 眉山| 柳州| 东沙岛| 东兰| 天津| 古交| 云集镇| 万荣| 九龙| 诏安| 隆安| 诏安| 洪泽| 祁连| 宜昌| 大方| 丰宁| 华坪| 米脂| 三江| 晴隆| 廉江| 兰溪| 佳县| 改则| 左云| 翁源| 牟定| 玉田| 铅山| 城口| 萝北| 调兵山| 西山| 广西| 沈阳| 巴彦淖尔| 纳溪| 绥阳| 湘阴| 昌平| 宝鸡| 于田| 塔河| 马龙| 苏州| 石楼| 宁武| 改则| 余干| 南岔| 达州| 汕尾| 鄂温克族自治旗| 密云| 沈丘| 三台| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 定远| 靖边| 泗水| 玉树| 长乐| 江城| 南平| 团风| 宜章| 漾濞| 渭源| 绥中| 尚志| 吐鲁番| 乌兰浩特| 湘东| 泸州| 樟树| 芮城| 金州| 保亭| 宁陕| 永胜| 李沧| 台北县| 凤冈| 南和| 宜春| 兴海| 鞍山| 安平| 寒亭| 和平| 黄山区| 库尔勒| 济南| 安化| 谢家集| 宜秀| 沁水| 儋州| 青铜峡| 平阴| 凤凰| 乳源| 福山| 台前| 贵阳| 隆德| 西沙岛| 海盐| 延安| 长阳| 惠安| 临洮| 连山| 青冈| 琼山| 绥滨| 平坝| 康县| 丹东| 巫溪| 库尔勒| 靖西| 博白| 太谷| 故城| 突泉| 揭东| 新巴尔虎左旗| 威海| 苍南| 梁平| 清丰| 新河| 长岛| 长安| 福州| 沧县| 敦化| 甘肃| 东丽| 阿鲁科尔沁旗| 南江| 凤翔| 榆林| 宁国| 海阳| 株洲县| 资阳| 漾濞| 临泽| 宜君| 连平| 绥宁| 苍山| 九台| 通江| 河口| 突泉| 襄阳| 岑溪| 丹江口| 平湖| 邵武| 开化| 临高| 宁阳| 阳曲| 昌江| 太白| 康乐| 焦作|

10岁男孩发催泪寻狗启事 狗狗丢失5天后找到

2019-07-20 20:18 来源:第一新闻网

  10岁男孩发催泪寻狗启事 狗狗丢失5天后找到

  Shereferredtohimasthe"Spidermanofthe18th",referringtotheParisdistrictwheretherescuetookplace,callinghiman"exampleforallcitizens".她称他是“18区蜘蛛侠”和“所有市民的榜样”。学校恐惧症多发于几个年龄段。

ASouthAfricancompanyissellingwhatitcalls"Entomilk",aspecialmilkmadefromfarmedinsects,asthenextsuperfood."ThinkofEntomilkasasustainable,nature-friendly,nutritious,lactosefree,delicious,guilt-freedairyalternativeofthefuture,",oneofthemostpivotalbenefitsofEntomilkisthatithasahighproteincontentandisrichinmineralssuchasiron,"cockroachmilk,",whichisusuallyfoundonPacificislandslikeHawaii,istheonlyknowncockroachthatgivesbirthtotheirbabies,,fatsandsugars,ilkisestima,scientist,itsalsounclearifthemilkissafetoconsume."Wehavenoevidencethatitisactuallysafeforhumanconsumption,"saidSubramanianRamaswamy,theleadauthorofthe2016study.PhototakenonMay26,2018showsanightviewoftheQianhaiareainQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvincewhichwillhostasummitoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationnextmonth.(Xinhua/WangHaibin)PhototakenonMay26,2018showsanightviewoftheQianhaiareainQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvincewhichwillhostasummitoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationnextmonth.(Xinhua/WangHaibin)PhototakenonMay26,2018showsanightviewoftheQianhaiareainQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvincewhichwillhostasummitoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationnextmonth.(Xinhua/WangHaibin)PhototakenonMay26,2018showsanightviewoftheQianhaiareainQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvincewhichwillhostasummitoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationnextmonth.(Xinhua/WangHaibin)PhototakenonMay26,2018showsanightviewoftheQianhaiareainQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvincewhichwillhostasummitoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationnextmonth.(Xinhua/WangHaibin)

  A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)TheAustralianagencychargedwithoverseeingthesearchformissingMalaysiaAirlinesflightMH370hasdefendedthe(ATSB)officialsGregHoodandPeterFoleyfrontedaSenatehearinglateonTuesdaywheretheywerequestionedaboutthebureaupilotperformingacontrolledditching,,thedirectoroftheATSBsfailedsearchof200millionAustraliandollars()fortheaircraftinthesouthernIndianOcean,saidheremainedconvincedofthebureaus"ghostflight"theoryandtheeventualsearchareawasbasedonthattheory."Theresnoearthlyreasonwhysomeoneincontrolofanaircraftwouldexhaustitsfuelandthenattempttoglideitwhentheyhavetheoptionofditching,"PeterFoleytoldtheSenateEstimateshearing."Wehaventeverruledoutsomeoneinterveningattheend."FoleytoldthehearingthattheATSBbelievesapilotwasincontroloftheaircraftforatleastthefirsthourandahalfafteritveeredoffcourse40minutesintotheflight,itsradartransponderturnedoffandradiocontactbroken."Itsabsolutelyevident...anaircraftdoesntturnitself,"hesaid."Certainlytherewereflightcontrolsearlyintheflight."ButFoleysaidthescenarioinwhichapilotwasstillflyingtheaircraftattheendoftheflightandditcheditundercontrolremained"unlikely."Amidahostoftheories,Foleysuggested"theaircraftwasprobablydescendinginanuncontrolledmanner."MalaysiaAirlinesMH370disappearedonMarch8,lightfromKualaLumpurtoBeijing,asitflewbackoverMalaysiatoPenang,uptheStraitsofMalacca,andthenturnedagainonalongtracksouthtoendupinthesouthernIndianOcean.  

  ABoeing787aircraftofChinasHainanAirlinesisseenatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)ABoeing787aircraftofChinasHainanAirlineslandsatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)Passengerslineupatthecheck-incountersofHainanAirlinesatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)FlightattendantsofChinasHainanAirlinesposeforphotosaftertheyarrivedatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)ABoeing787aircraftofChinasHainanAirlineslandsatVancouverInternationalAirportinVancouver,Canada,May25,,operatedbyHainanAirlines,isthefirstdirectpassengerairroutelinkingTianjinwithNorthAmerica.(Xinhua/LiangSen)品质革命qualityrevolution2018年政府工作报告提出:全面开展质量提升行动,推进与国际先进水平对标达标,弘扬工匠精神,来一场中国制造的品质革命。

StudentsofMiaoqianVillagestudyatthelibraryinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)StudentsofMiaoqianVillagestudyatthelibraryinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)VillagerYaoWenzhenarrangesbooksatthelibraryinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)PhotoshowswallsofbooksinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)

  AnarcheologistworksattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)AnarcheologistworksattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)AcoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907)foundattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)HorseboneswereexcavatedattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)AviewoftheexcavationattheBeitingancientruinsinJimsarCounty,NorthwestChina’builtindifferentperiods,acoinfromtheTangDynasty(618-907),horsebones,armorremainsandotherrelics,mediareportedonMay29.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaDejun)

  Chinawillcutvalue-addedtax(VAT)ratesaspartofataxreductionpackageamountingto400billionyuan(),startingfromMay1,willbeloweredfrom17percentto16percentformanufacturing,andfrom11percentto10percentfortransportation,construction,staxregimereform."TheVATreformhashelpedtoreducetheoverallcorporatetaxburden,ftheeconomy,unifyingthetaxstructureandmakingtaxationfairer,",betheyjointventuresorwhollyforeignownedcompanies,willbetreatedequally,,,,consolidatethethreetaxbracketsintotwoandadjusttaxrates,prioritizeloweringratesinmanufacturingandtransportation,and,eligibleenterprisesinadvancedmanufacturing,modernservicesandelectricutilitysha,asitraisesthethresholdoftaxableannualsalesvolumeforindustrialandcommercialenterprisesfrom500,000yuanand800,000yuan,challengingjob,tialfundsofnolessthan60billionyuan.  Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)Aviewofwatchtower-likeresidentialbuildingsinGonjoCounty,ChamdoPrefectureinSouthwestChina’’sSanyanarealiveinthebuildingsthatarethreetofivefloorshighandmadeofmudontheoutside,witheachstructurehometoatleasttwofamilies.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/JiXiang)

  PoliceofficersfromChinaandItalyattendaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenthetwocountriesinRome,Italy,onMay28,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenChinaandItalyinRome,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)PhototakenonMay28,2018showsaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenChinaandItalyinRome,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)ChinesepoliceofficersattendaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenChinaandItalyinRome,Italy,onMay28,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)PoliceofficersfromChinaandItalyattendaceremonyheldtosymbolicallymarkthestartofthethirdyearoflawenforcementcooperationbetweenthetwocountriesinRome,Italy,onMay28,ofphoto-snappingpassersby--wereinRomespicturesquePiazzaNavonaMondayfortheornateceremony.(Xinhua/AlbertoLingria)

  我们必须考虑婚姻的质量,不能只看结婚与否或结婚时间长短。PhototakenonMay22,2018showsexpertsexaminingandverifyinganewhybridricevariety(Chaoyou1000),developedbyYuanLongping’steam,whichhassetanewyieldrecordof1,()offarmlandinatestfieldinSanyaCity,SouthChina’,knownasthe"fatherofhybridrice",andhisteamalsobrokerecordsinanumberofhybridricetestfieldswithChaoyou1000.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiaobin)PhototakenonMay22,2018showsexpertsexaminingandverifyinganewhybridricevariety(Chaoyou1000),developedbyYuanLongping’steam,whichhassetanewyieldrecordof1,()offarmlandinatestfieldinSanyaCity,SouthChina’,knownasthe"fatherofhybridrice",andhisteamalsobrokerecordsinanumberofhybridricetestfieldswithChaoyou1000.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiaobin)PhototakenonMay22,2018showsexpertsexaminingandverifyinganewhybridricevariety(Chaoyou1000),developedbyYuanLongping’steam,whichhassetanewyieldrecordof1,()offarmlandinatestfieldinSanyaCity,SouthChina’,knownasthe"fatherofhybridrice",andhisteamalsobrokerecordsinanumberofhybridricetestfieldswithChaoyou1000.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiaobin)PhototakenonMay22,2018showsexpertsexaminingandverifyinganewhybridricevariety(Chaoyou1000),developedbyYuanLongping’steam,whichhassetanewyieldrecordof1,()offarmlandinatestfieldinSanyaCity,SouthChina’,knownasthe"fatherofhybridrice",andhisteamalsobrokerecordsinanumberofhybridricetestfieldswithChaoyou1000.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangXiaobin)

  FavorablepoliciescreatedforglobalworkersBeijing,amajorhubforartificialintelligence(AI)andsemiconductorsinChina,istoutinganewlistofincentivestotryandattractrmsandwillalsogetthecovetedpermanentresidencecertificate,whichconfers-levelinnovationprojects,andserveasthelegalrepresentativesofnewscientificresearchinstitutionsinChina,theBeij,aimingtosurpassEuropeanandUSdominanceincutting-edgetechnologiesandbuildadomesticindustryworthalmost$omotingtechnologiessuchasAI,,orZ-Park,stillfallsshortofthatinSanFrancisco,saidLiuMinhua,aPartyofficialinchargeoftalentmanagementinBeijing."Z-Parkonlyhasjustover10,000foreignhires,"LiutoldReutersonthesidelinesofthebriefing."InSiliconValley,athirdofthepopulationcomprisestechtalentfromallovertheworld."Thegoalistoattracttop-notchscientistsandtheirinnovationteamstocometoBeijing,Liusaid,ountriesincludingtheUS,Canada,theUK,,sannouncementalsofollowedaslewofmeasurestheBeijingmunicipalg,theMinistryofPublicSecuritylaunchedapilotvisaprogramthatallowsforeignersofChinesedescentwhoearnedadoctoraldegreeoverseasandwhoworkinZ-Parktobeeligibleforpermanentresidency,eastsixmonthsayearinChinaarealsoeligibleforpermanentresidency,,,,officialdatashowedinJanuary.  

  JiangNaijunvisitsthelocalchildrenswelfarehouseinChangchun,capitalofJilinProvince,donating10,000yuan($1,571)thereonMay8,2018.(Photo/ChinaDaily)OnTuesday,JiangNaijunvisitedthelocalchildrenwelfarehouseinChangchun,capitalofJilinProvince,anddonated10,000yuan($1,571),98,whostartedasmallsupermarketlastyearcalled97,,,shesetupanartsandcraftscompanywhichhasdevelopedintoafamousenterprise,producingescutcheonsforwell-knownbrands."Itwasreallyhardatthattime,butwepersistedandachievedsuccess,"shesaid."NowthecompanydevelopsquitewellunderthemanagementofmysonandIwanttodomoreforsociety.""Itsnevertoooldtostartyourdream,"sheadded.

  【相关词汇】小程序miniprogram快应用fastapp存储卡memorycard锂电池lithiumbattery快捷图标short-cuticon全球定位系统GPS(GlobalPositioningSystem)客户身份识别卡(SIM卡)SubscriberIdentityModule无线局域网WirelessLocalAreaNetworks(WLANs)(中国日报网英语点津马文英)  ChinesemountaineersWangFuzhou(right),Kunbo(middle)andQuYinhuaarewelcomedwithflowersaftertheyconqueredthesummitonJune7,,knownasMountEverestintheWest,fromtheNorthSlopeOnMay25,’,moreChinesemountaineerswereinspiredtomarchtowardMountQomolangma.(Photo/Xinhua)ChinesemountaineersreachthesummitofMountQomolangmafromtheNorthSlopeonMay27,1975.(Photo/Xinhua)TheChinesefemalemountaineerPandor(fourthfromleft)retureNorthSlope.(Photo/Xinhua)RinnaandJijiposeonthepeakofMountQomolangmawithChineseflagonMay27,(Photo/Xinhua)Chineseamateurclimbingteammembersadvancefromacampat6,500meterstoacampat7,028metersonMay18,,ledbythecaptainNyimaTsring,climbedMountQomolangmaonMay21,2003.(Photo/Xinhua)MembheightofMountQomolangma.(Photo/Xinhua)BeijingOlympicTorchisdisplayedbyChinaTibetClimbingTeamonthesummitofMountQomolangmaonMay8,,theOlympicFlagandBeijingOlympicEmblemFlagonthesummit.(Photo/Xinhua)

  

  10岁男孩发催泪寻狗启事 狗狗丢失5天后找到

 
责编:

“机器换人”遍地开花 机器人如何影响就业?

2019-07-20 08:43:00 新华网 分享
参与
CitiesacrossChinaareimplementingpreferentialpoliciestoattractforeigntalentin2018,withtheeasterncityofHangzhouoffering100millionyuan($),capitalofEastChinasZhejiangProvince,tostartabusinessthatfitsthedevelopmentofthecitysindustrycanreceivefundsrangingfrom200,000to5millionyuan,igntalentsstayinthecity,inclpital,rityandsupporttoforeigntalent,obalstrategywiththeBeltandRoadinitiative,thecountryneedsmoreforeigntalentthanever,LinXinqi,aresearchfellowattheNationalAcademyofDevelopmentandStrategyinRenminUniversityofChina,tighteningimmigrationpoliciesamidtheanti-globalizationtrend,,NorthChinasHebeiProvincehasvowedtooffer10millionyuaninresearchfundinganda2millionyuansettling-inallowancetoacademiciansindevelopedcountriesandscholarswhohavebeengiveninternationalawards,,YunnanProvincewilladoptanewvisapolicytheconomiesfurtherdevelopamidChinasindustrytransferprocess,theirmomentumtoattractforeigntalentmightsurpassthatinfirst-tiercities,localdevelopmentconditionsinsteadofturningitintoaviciouscompetition,hinainOctober2017saidthattalentisastrategicresourceforChinaasitaimstoachievenationalrejuvenationandstayaheadofinternationalcompetition.  

  五一节,劳动者的节日。与此同时,一种“机器人劳动者”正日益引发社会关注。

  工信部官网显示:浙江率先推进机器换人,计划自2013年起5年间,每年实施5000个机器换人项目,实现5000亿元机器换人投资。浙江省经信委副主任凌云称该项目至2015年已累计减少普通劳动工人近200万人;安徽正抓紧推进“‘机器换人’十百千工程”;广东、山东等地则都在自身具备比较优势的产业领域大力推动“机器换人”,已有不少人工岗位被机器人劳动力替代。

  促转型、用工荒等因素助推“机器换人”遍地开花

  业内专家称,当前我国机器人制造技术日趋成熟,促进经济结构转型的改革需要、用工成本高以及用工难等因素,共同推动各界对机器人劳动力的期待。

  在深圳雷柏科技的生产车间,生产线的主角不是一排排工人,而是一列列灵活翻转的机械手臂。通过研发智能自动化体系,雷柏科技直接生产员工数量从十多年前高峰期的3200多人,减少到现在的800多人,每年节约大量费用支出。

  据悉,从2005年开始,雷柏遭遇“用工荒”,人力成本上涨。2011年,雷柏一口气购买了75台工业机器人,人力成本骤降。“以键盘组装为例。现在一条生产线上,5名工人通过管理机器人就可以完成之前100人的工作量。”雷柏机器人运营管理部经理刘慈平说。

  根据广东东莞市经信局的数据,2014年9月至2016年10月,东莞“机器换人”专项资金项目申报共1485个,预计可减少8.7万工人。

  在山东,兖州煤业下属的兖州东方机电有限公司炉具生产车间,记者看到,一个个方方正正的小机器人背着材料穿越车间,准确奔向焊接工位。它们停靠后,搬运机器人自动抓取材料,交给下一个流程的焊接机器人。

  兖州东方机电公司技术质量中心主任谭光韧告诉记者,目前,公司在炉具生产的关键环节使用了3台ADV智能移动机器人、一台库卡搬运机器人和5台焊接机器人。这些机器人可以自动对接上一个工序的完成品、下一个工序空位,能替代大约50人的劳动。

  谭光韧说,公司计划下一步在年产10万台炉具生产线上实现全自动化,上下料、组对、焊接、喷涂等工作全部交给机器人完成,“操作的人工将从400人减到100人左右。”

  机器人大大降低了企业人工成本。总部位于浙江绍兴的三力士公司,在投入建设“无人车间”后,仅人工成本就节省了1000多万元,占当年公司净利润的7%左右。

  现存哪些工作“饭碗”更可能被机器人“抢”?

  记者了解到,当前“机器换人”所涉范围,已不局限于工业制造业,一些服务领域的人工岗位也开始被机器人劳动者悄然替代。

  小i机器人创始人、董事长袁辉告诉记者,2015年,中国建设银行把客服机器人用于呼叫中心,当年就取代了大量员工。“还有很多银行、运营商、电商甚至地方政府都在开始运用机器人。”袁辉说。

  北京航空航天大学智慧制造研究院院长王田苗认为,机器人技术将广泛应用于工业制造、服务领域,以及智能汽车、无人机等方面。

  山东临沂申通业务总监吴礼华介绍,为提高效率及避免暴力分拣,目前,临沂申通配备了320台智能分拣机器人,每小时可以处理1.8万个5公斤以内的包裹,准确率基本达到100%。同等工作量所需人工由150人降为30人,削减岗位达80%之多。

  江苏常州火凤凰永动型消防灭火机器人公司推出了一款名为“火凤凰”的耐高温消防机器人。公司总经理任曲波介绍,这款机器人除了耐高温,还可以进行毒气探测,能代替消防员进入高危火场、爆炸、有毒环境,执行关闭阀门等任务,降低事故现场的二次爆炸概率。

  中国机器人产业联盟理事长曲道奎博士说,服务机器人在我国当前拥有广大的市场与广阔的前景。“例如,我们正在做智能护理设备的临床实验,可以进行各种生理参数的检测。”曲道奎强调,“未来,机器人可以在消防、救援、守护、医疗护理等公共服务等服务领域大有可为。”

  山东省经信委装备产业处调研员王桂强认为,人工智能的兴起,可能会造成部分低技能劳动者失业。但也有专家认为,机器人的应用将创造更多高端就业机会。这可能包括:工业数据科学家、机器人协调员、工业工程师、模拟专家、供应链协调岗位、系统设计、信息技术、3D 辅助设计、现场服务工程师、销售与服务人员的需求。值得注意的是,这些新增的就业岗位专业性极强。

  如何面对“机器换人”?

  多数专家业者认为,虽然机器人对人工岗位造成一定影响,但完全没有必要过度紧张。

  供职于广东长盈精密技术有限公司的王亚敏告诉记者,虽然自己的工作一度被机器人替换掉了,但通过2个月的培训,她已经重新上岗,从普工晋升成为技术员学员,甚至还加了薪。公司总经理助理罗卫强说,尽管大力推进“机器换人”,但是大部分员工都可以在公司内部得到消化,经过转岗培训后重新上岗。

  “人类发明机器人的目的最早是代替人,然后发展到服务人,将来是扩展人。”华中科技大学机械科学与工程学院院长丁汉院士说,“目前,工业机器人大多在一些结构化的环境当中工作,在线传感能力都比较差。服务机器人目前还只能完成一些简单的任务。至于特种机器人,都是需要通过人工遥控操作完成特定工作。”

  长泰机器人CEO杨漾和天津大学机械工程学院院长王树新都认为,未来机器人可能从操作、视觉和语音方面模仿人类,替代人工,但一定只是更多地服务人类。

  福建师范大学经济学院蔡秀玲教授认为,未来几年,我国服务业将新增大量就业岗位。这些岗位大多经短期培训即能胜任,可以有效缓解“机器换人”造成的短期“失业”压力。她建议政府和社会统筹资源,加大在职业培训和“双创”扶持方面的投入,引导劳动力实现分流与升级。

责编:陶宗瑶(实习生)
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